Horror (von lat. horror „Starren, Erschauern, Schrecken, Schaudern, Grausen“) steht für: ein Gefühl des Unheimlichen, siehe Grauen; ein Literatur-Genre, siehe. Das Horror-Genre ist so vielfältig, dass es zahlreiche Subgenres gibt, in die sich Horrorfilme kategorisieren lassen. Eine klare Einteilung ist. Das Horror-Genre ist deutlich extremer als andere Genres. Daher ist die Typografie, die es hervorbringt, besonders auffällig. Ihr könnt viel von der Typografie.
HorrorliteraturDer Horrorfilm ist ein Filmgenre, das beim Zuschauer Gefühle der Angst, des Schreckens und Verstörung auszulösen versucht. Oftmals, jedoch nicht. Horror (von lat. horror „Starren, Erschauern, Schrecken, Schaudern, Grausen“) steht für: ein Gefühl des Unheimlichen, siehe Grauen; ein Literatur-Genre, siehe. Übersetzung im Kontext von „horror genre“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The entire horror genre was destroyed by sequels.
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The stories contain higher rates of death and torture than most other genres. Scroll below now to see 25 horror fiction genre examples, or click here to see all fiction genres.
At the Mountains of Madness and Other Tales of Terror by H. I was speechless. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.
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I have highlighted three popular ones. This crossover genre illustrates in vivid details graphic violations or mutations of the human body.
This genre usually overlaps with zombie fiction, monster or slasher horror. Frankenstein could be categorized under this category.
Other examples include:. Uzumaki by Junji Ito. The Troop by Nick Cutter. Bunny by Mona Awad. An American writer, David J.
Other common horror genres include body horror, gore or splatter horror, and extraterrestrial horror. Since horror itself is a genre of literature or storytelling, many horror genres can be seen as sub-genres or different aspects of the overall genre of horror itself.
In general, horror stories are meant to incite a feeling of dread, disgust, fear, or anxiety in the audience.
This is usually achieved by confronting the viewer or reader with scenes, characters, and ideas that most people find disturbing or representative of subjects and concepts that people typically do not want to confront or consider.
Many horror genres are ultimately ways in which the unknown is used to induce fear or panic in the audience. Lovecraft's stories "Cool Air" , "In The Vault" , and "The Outsider" , and Dennis Wheatley 's "Strange Conflict" Richard Matheson 's novel I Am Legend influenced an entire genre of apocalyptic zombie fiction emblematized by the films of George A.
In the late s and early s, the enormous commercial success of three books - Rosemary's Baby by Ira Levin , The Exorcist by William Peter Blatty , and The Other by Thomas Tryon - encouraged publishers to begin releasing numerous other horror novels, thus creating a "horror boom".
One of the best-known lateth century horror writers is Stephen King , known for Carrie , The Shining , It , Misery and several dozen other novels and about short stories.
National Book Foundation in Best-selling book series of contemporary times exist in genres related to horror fiction, such as the werewolf fiction urban fantasy Kitty Norville books by Carrie Vaughn onward.
Horror elements continue to expand outside the genre. The alternate history of more traditional historical horror in Dan Simmons 's novel The Terror sits on bookstore shelves next to genre mash ups such as Pride and Prejudice and Zombies , and historical fantasy and horror comics such as Hellblazer onward and Mike Mignola 's Hellboy onward.
Horror also serves as one of the central genres in more complex modern works such as Mark Z. Danielewski 's House of Leaves , a finalist for the National Book Award.
There are many horror novels for teens, such as The Monstrumologist by Rick Yancey Additionally, many movies, particularly animated ones, use a horror aesthetic.
These are what can be collectively referred to as "children's horror". What little research there is tends to be inconclusive on the impact that viewing such media has.
One defining trait of the horror genre is that it provokes an emotional, psychological , or physical response within readers that causes them to react with fear.
One of H. Lovecraft's most famous quotes about the genre is that: "The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown.
Science fiction historian Darrell Schweitzer has stated, "In the simplest sense, a horror story is one that scares us" and "the true horror story requires a sense of evil, not in necessarily in a theological sense; but the menaces must be truly menacing, life-destroying, and antithetical to happiness.
In her essay "Elements of Aversion", Elizabeth Barrette articulates the need by some for horror tales in a modern world:.
The old "fight or flight" reaction of our evolutionary heritage once played a major role in the life of every human. Our ancestors lived and died by it.
Then someone invented the fascinating game of civilization, and things began to calm down. Development pushed wilderness back from settled lands.
War, crime, and other forms of social violence came with civilization and humans started preying on each other, but by and large daily life calmed down.
We began to feel restless, to feel something missing: the excitement of living on the edge, the tension between hunter and hunted. So we told each other stories through the long, dark nights.
The rush of adrenaline feels good. Our hearts pound, our breath quickens, and we can imagine ourselves on the edge.
Yet we also appreciate the insightful aspects of horror. Sometimes a story intends to shock and disgust, but the best horror intends to rattle our cages and shake us out of our complacency.
It makes us think, forces us to confront ideas we might rather ignore, and challenges preconceptions of all kinds. Horror reminds us that the world is not always as safe as it seems, which exercises our mental muscles and reminds us to keep a little healthy caution close at hand.
In a sense similar to the reason a person seeks out the controlled thrill of a roller coaster , readers in the modern era seek out feelings of horror and terror to feel a sense of excitement.
However, Barrette adds that horror fiction is one of the few mediums where readers seek out a form of art that forces themselves to confront ideas and images they "might rather ignore to challenge preconceptions of all kinds.
One can see the confrontation of ideas that readers and characters would "rather ignore" throughout literature in famous moments such as Hamlet 's musings about the skull of Yorick , its implications of the mortality of humanity, and the gruesome end that bodies inevitably come to.
In horror fiction, the confrontation with the gruesome is often a metaphor for the problems facing the current generation of the author.
There are many theories as to why people enjoy being scared. For example, "people who like horror films are more likely to score highly for openness to experience, a personality trait linked to intellect and imagination.
It is a now commonly accepted viewpoint that the horror elements of Dracula 's portrayal of vampirism are metaphors for sexuality in a repressed Victorian era.
Jack Halberstam postulates many of these in his essay Technologies of Monstrosity: Bram Stoker's Dracula. He writes:. Halberstram articulates a view of Dracula as manifesting the growing perception of the aristocracy as an evil and outdated notion to be defeated.
The depiction of a multinational band of protagonists using the latest technologies such as a telegraph to quickly share, collate, and act upon new information is what leads to the destruction of the vampire.
This is one of many interpretations of the metaphor of only one central figure of the canon of horror fiction, as over a dozen possible metaphors are referenced in the analysis, from the religious to the anti-semitic.
In addition to those essays and articles shown above, scholarship on horror fiction is almost as old as horror fiction itself. Yes, there is something worse than death.
As we see in the Story Grid Gas Gauge of Need, a Horror story arises from the need for safety; sustaining life and the belief that life is worth living.
The main thread here? A controlling idea can be stated in a single sentence that distills the argument your story attempts to make.
Before the protagonist is in jeopardy, we need to want them to live. This can be internal or external. This is also used to encourage empathy.
Make the want blatantly clear. Create a setting that isolates the protagonist s. The dark mood is critical.
The inability to obtain outside help is paramount. Editor Tip: Give them distinctive names, appearances, mannerisms, emotions, and actions. Use descriptions to evoke a sense of their broader culture or background.
Foreshadow the dangers to come by teasing the audience; make them jump at scenes that appear scary but turn out to be benevolent.
An example is the trope of a cat jumping out of the closet. Make the stakes clear. Stakes in Horror are not for subtext. What can the protagonist gain?
What can they lose? There is an initial problem. The monster attacks or makes itself known as a threat. The protagonist registers this new information but chooses not to act perhaps choosing to delay making a decision.
In other genres, the protagonist accepts the quest at the beginning of the middle build. In Horror, by ignoring the warning, the protagonist inadvertently accepts the quest in the beginning hook.
Rising action. The protagonist is forced to act in order to survive or save others. Whether it be selfish or altruistic, make it a decision most readers can relate to, a decision made directly from their character flaws rather than sheer stupidity.
There is a false ending. When the fake threat is contained, the protagonist relaxes, and the real monster reveals itself usually accidentally.
Here, you will include your climax the resurrection, the protagonist fights the monster and the resolution of the global story. Usually, the protagonist outsmarts the monster, rather than using their inferior brawn, and lives prescriptive tale.
But sometimes a Horror story is a cautionary tale. Not only does the protagonist lose but their fate is worse than death. Editor Tip: Just as the protagonist is about to be killed by the monster, enable them to win.Editor Tip: Just as the protagonist is about to be killed by the Pokemon Sonne Und Mond Tausch, enable them to win. The Penguin Book of Horror Stories. B Tymn and Mike Ashley, Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Weird Fiction Magazines. 2/22/ · Horror, in particular, is a fascinating conversation to have, not just because I like it so much, but because of all the genres, horror probably has the most stigma and shame swirling in its depths (though erotica is in the running). 1/21/ · Horror genres commonly include supernatural elements. There are quite a few horror genres that can be found in literature, film, television, poetry, and other forms of entertainment or media. Many of these genres overlap in certain ways, often dealing with similar themes or using similar elements to deal with different horrific concepts. Comedy horror combines elements of comedy and horror film. The comedy horror genre often crosses over with the black comedy genre. It occasionally includes horror films with lower ratings that are aimed at a family audience. The short story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving is cited as "the first great comedy-horror story".